Download 1177 B.C. : the year civilization collapsed by Eric H. Cline PDF

By Eric H. Cline

In 1177 B.C., marauding teams recognized basically because the "Sea Peoples" invaded Egypt. The pharaoh's military and military controlled to defeat them, however the victory so weakened Egypt that it quickly slid into decline, as did lots of the surrounding civilizations. After centuries of brilliance, the civilized international of the Bronze Age got here to an abrupt and cataclysmic finish. Kingdoms fell like dominoes over the process quite a few a long time. not more Minoans or Mycenaeans. not more Trojans, Hittites, or Babylonians. The thriving economic system and cultures of the overdue moment millennium B.C., which had stretched from Greece to Egypt and Mesopotamia, by surprise ceased to exist, in addition to writing platforms, know-how, and enormous structure. however the Sea Peoples on my own couldn't have prompted such common breakdown. How did it happen?

In this significant new account of the reasons of this "First darkish Ages," Eric Cline tells the gripping tale of the way the tip used to be led to through a number of interconnected mess ups, starting from invasion and riot to earthquakes, drought, and the slicing of foreign alternate routes. Bringing to lifestyles the colourful multicultural global of those nice civilizations, he attracts a sweeping landscape of the empires and globalized peoples of the overdue Bronze Age and indicates that it was once their very interdependence that hastened their dramatic cave in and ushered in a gloomy age that lasted centuries.

A compelling mixture of narrative and the most recent scholarship, 1177 B.C. sheds new mild at the complicated ties that gave upward thrust to, and eventually destroyed, the flourishing civilizations of the past due Bronze Age--and that set the degree for the emergence of classical Greece.

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Extra info for 1177 B.C. : the year civilization collapsed

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As for the final two names, scholars generally accept Lukka as a reference to peoples from southwestern Turkey, in the region later known during the classical era as Lycia. 20 We are told little else in the inscriptions, and have no more than a very general idea where the battle or battles were fought. ” The general practice of the day was to cut off the hand of a dead enemy and bring it back as proof, in order to get credit and reward for the kill. 21 In any event, we do not know whether all of the Sea Peoples were killed or some survived, but we can probably assume the latter, since several of the groups returned in the second invasion thirty years later.

When Thutmose III began his first campaign—­the first of seventeen that he instigated over the next twenty or so years—­he managed to put Of Arms and the Man • • • 29 himself into the history books, quite literally, for the itinerary and details of his journey and conquests in 1479 BC were transferred from the daily journals kept along the way and inscribed for posterity on the wall of the Temple of Amun at Karnak in Egypt. The battle that he fought at Megiddo (later to become better known as biblical Armageddon) against local rebellious Canaanite chiefs during the campaign is the first battle that we know of whose details were written down and made accessible for the edification of those who were not present.

However, before we proceed further, we shall spend some time among the Hittites, locating Assuwa, and examining the rebellion. We shall consider why this is evidence of early “internationalism” Of Arms and the Man • • • 33 and—­potentially—­evidence that the Trojan War was fought two hundred years earlier and for different reasons from those Homer adduced. 51 The Hittites were known to biblical scholars because of their mention in the Hebrew Bible, where they are listed as one of the many peoples ending in “–­ite” (Hittites, Hivites, Amorites, Jebusites, and so on) who lived in Canaan during the late second millennium BC, interacting with and eventually succumbing to the Hebrews/Israelites.

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