Download 16-Bit-Mikroprozessorsysteme: Aufbau, Arbeitsweise und by Dr.-Ing. Thomas Flik, Professor Dr.-Ing. Hans Liebig (auth.) PDF

By Dr.-Ing. Thomas Flik, Professor Dr.-Ing. Hans Liebig (auth.)

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Extra resources for 16-Bit-Mikroprozessorsysteme: Aufbau, Arbeitsweise und Programmierung

Example text

Der Maschinencode ist die Darstellung, in der ein Programm und seine Daten im Arbeitsspeicher vorliegen und die vom Mikroprozessor unmittelbar interpretiert werden kann. Dazu mussen die mnemonischfm und symbolischen Angaben durch ihre aquivalenten binaren Darstellungen ersetzt werden. 4 dargestellte Zuordnungstabelle. Die Ersetzung der symbolischen Speicheradressen durch numerische Adressen ergibt sich aus der Lage des Programms und seiner Daten im Arbeitsspeicher. Die numerischen Adressen der allgemeinen Register und des Datenregisters der Ein/Ausgabeeinheit lassen sich auf diese Weise nicht ermitteln.

PUSH schreibt den Quelloperanden s in den Stack, POP liest den letzten Stackeintrag und schreibt ihn an den Zielort d. 2). vor PUSH nach PUSH SPRO Rl/RT I SP n·4 I n· ) I SP n·) SPR I - n· 4 - n·2 SPR nach POP I SP I n·4 n· ) In. 2. Schreiben und Lesen des Stacks mit den Befehlen PUSH und POP Beide Stackpointerregister R 7 und R l' haben dieselbe Registeradresse und werden durch die Betriebsarten Normalmodus (R7) und Systemmodus (RT) unterschieden. Dementsprechend bezeichnet man die beiden Stackpointer als Normalstackpointer NSP und als Systemstackpointer SSP und die zugehorigen Stacks als Normalstack bzw.

R:=s fur n oufeinonderfolgende Warter (n~ 8) CLR CLRS CLRD d clear d :=0 EXC EXCS EXCD R,s exchange TEMP :=s 5:: R R::TEMP TEMP : Pufferregister im Prozessor SWAP R swap register halves TEMPO-O>:: R<15 - 8> R<15-8>::R<7-0> R<7-0> ::TEMP<7-0> TEMP: Pufferregister im Prozessor d:=s vv0 0 d=s=DA,RI,X,RA oder d= DC und 5= IN o 1 0a - - - - vva a Registerspeicher als auch im Arbeitsspeicher liegen k6nnen. 4 beschriebenen Adressierungsarten zugelassen. Der Datentransport ist mit Bytes, W6rtern und Doppelw6rtern durchfiihrbar.

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