By Albert S. Lindemann, Richard S. Levy
Antisemitism: A historical past deals a readable evaluate of a frightening subject, describing and interpreting the hatred that Jews have confronted from precedent days to the current. The essays contained during this quantity offer an excellent creation to the background and nature of antisemitism, stressing clarity, stability, and thematic coherence, whereas attempting to achieve a long way from the polemics and apologetics that so frequently cloud the topic. Chapters were written by means of major students within the box and take note of an important new advancements of their parts of workmanship. jointly, the chapters hide the complete historical past of antisemitism, from the traditional Mediterranean and the pre-Christian period, throughout the Medieval and Early smooth classes, to the Enlightenment and past. The later chapters specialize in the heritage of antisemitism through zone, taking a look at France, the English-speaking international, Russia and the Soviet Union, jap Europe, and Nazi Germany, with contributions too at the phenomenon within the Arab global, either earlier than and after the root of Israel. members grapple with the use and abuse of the time period 'antisemitism', which used to be first coined within the mid-nineteenth century yet which has given that amassed a variety of vague connotations and confusingly assorted definitions, frequently utilized retrospectively to traditionally far-off classes and greatly varied phenomena. in fact, as this publication indicates, hostility to Jews dates to biblical classes, however the nature of that hostility and the various reasons to which it's been placed have diverse through the years and infrequently been combined with admiration - a scenario which keeps within the twenty-first century.
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Additional info for Antisemitism: A History
Demoralized and corrupted by an unjustiﬁable pride” (Albert S. Lindemann, The Jew Accused, New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991, 61–2). Those Jews who wanted to become part of the modern world as equal citizens yet who also continued in some sense to cherish their Jewishness—always a larger group than those who wished to escape from it entirely—agreed that much was repellent and primitive about traditional Jewish beliefs and existing Jewish culture. Various efforts were made by Jews themselves to reform or modernize Judaism and to curb those traits of the general Jewish population that offended others or that seemed to prevent them from becoming full-ﬂedged modern citizens.
The only Latin author to repeat these assertions was the historian Tacitus (ﬁrst–second centuries ce), whereas the geographer and historian Strabo (in the reigns of Augustus and Tiberius) offered a related, but entirely positive version. Clearly, the origins of the Jews was a subject that concerned the Egyptians far more than the Greeks and Romans. Tacitus, who for whatever reason obviously disliked Jews, used the subject for his own purposes, but no other Greek or Latin author did in this negative form.
The Jewish god’s use of evil to accomplish good is often noted in the Hebrew Bible, as for example in Genesis 50:20, when Joseph explains to his fearful brothers (who had earlier plotted to kill him): “You meant evil against me, but God meant it for good,” in order that the Children of Israel should eventually come to Egypt, proliferate, and fulﬁll God’s plan for them. ”) Of the many non-Jewish interpretations of the events in Exodus, one of the most inﬂuential was that of Manetho, an Egyptian priest-historian of the third century bce.