By Kevin Greene
This bestselling e-book has firmly tested itself because the such a lot obtainable advisor to archaeology on hand. It features:
* a proof to the invention and excavation of sites
* a worthy define of the key courting methods
* transparent causes of clinical techniques
* new theories and present controversies
* explanatory diagrams and photos
* counsel on additional interpreting and up to date bibliography.
Read or Download Archaeology: An Introduction PDF
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Additional info for Archaeology: An Introduction
Geophysical prospecting devices are useful wherever details need to be checked, or where trial excavation would be an inefficient method of locating buried features. For example, at Usk, Gwent, the position of the southern defences of a Roman legionary fortress was thought likely to be in fields under pasture, insensitive to crop-marks. It was a comparatively simple exercise to take measurements along a line that began within the known eastern and western ramparts; two major anomalies were found, consistent with the presence of buried ditches lying outside the former rampart (Manning 1981, 86–8).
Flying funded by state organizations and private individuals covered much of England and Wales, at a total cost well below that of a season’s excavation on an average urban site (Griffith 1990). 4 46 Geophysical surveying (Clark 1990; Scollar 1990; Spoerry 1992) Some sites never show up on aerial photographs at all, and some show different features at different times; others are revealed only in part because they extend into adjacent land where conditions are unsuitable for photographs. When excavation is planned on a site of this kind, further details may be required about areas that do not appear clearly on photographs.
Two less welcome traditions were also established early. One was the inability of some scholars to complete their work for publication; another was the distortion of evidence to support fanciful theories. Although characteristic of early antiquaries such as Aubrey and Stukeley respectively, both phenomena are still very much a part of archaeology today, and they will be examined further in later chapters. Note: a guide to further reading that includes topics covered in this chapter begins on p.